3) Total redshift

                                                                                                                                                 (13)

 

      4) Maximum apparent redshift

       When Zv=1, total redshift is  

Zmax=1.5+Ze

the maximum of redshift will have been determined by observation. If we canít find a greater redshift than some value, then this value that is Zmax. The last selection of cosmic parameter depend on Zmax.

to agreat extent.